Online Program Home
  My Program

All Times EDT

Abstract Details

Activity Number: 443 - Latent Variables, Causal Inference, Machine Learning and Other Topics in Mental Health Statistics
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Thursday, August 12, 2021 : 4:00 PM to 5:50 PM
Sponsor: Mental Health Statistics Section
Abstract #319112
Title: A Marginal Structural Model for Partial Compliance in SMARTs
Author(s): William Jeremy Artman* and Ashkan Ertefaie and Kevin Lynch and James Mckay and Brent Johnson
Companies: University of Rochester Medical Center and University of Rochester and University of Pennsylvania and University of Pennsylvania and University of Rochester
Keywords: Dynamic treatment regime; Non-parametric Bayes; Partial compliance; Principal stratification; Sequential multiple assignment randomized trial; Marginal structural models

Sequential, multiple assignment, randomized trials (SMART) are a design which allows rigorous comparison of sequences of treatment decision rules tailored to the individual patient, i.e., dynamic treatment regime (DTR). The standard approach to analyzing a SMART is intention-to-treat (ITT) which may lead to substantially biased estimates of DTR outcomes in the presence of partial compliance. For example, partial compliance is a problem in substance use disorder trials such as the ENGAGE SMART. Principal stratification is a powerful tool which stratifies patients according to compliance profiles. Current methods are limited to the single-stage setting. We fill the current methodological gap by developing a rigorous principal stratification framework that leverages a flexible Bayesian non-parametric model for the compliance distribution and a parametric marginal structural model for estimating the mean DTR outcomes in compliance classes. We extend current methods to the multi-stage, SMART setting. We demonstrate the validity of our method through extensive simulation studies and illustrate its application on the ENGAGE SMART.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

Back to the full JSM 2021 program