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Activity Number: 133 - Statistical Issues in Environmental Epidemiology and Pharmacoepidemiology
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Monday, August 9, 2021 : 1:30 PM to 3:20 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics in Epidemiology
Abstract #318864
Title: A Shrinkage Prior Approach for Chemical Mixture Interactions in Risk Assessment
Author(s): Debamita Kundu* and Sungduk Kim and Paul S. Albert
Companies: NIH/NCI and National Cancer Institute and National Cancer Institute
Keywords: Chemical mixture; Shrinkage; Interactions ; MCMC

Analyzing health effects associated with exposure to environmental chemical mixtures is a challenging problem in epidemiology, toxicology, and exposure science. In particular, when there are a large number of chemicals under consideration it is difficult to estimate the interactive effects without using reasonable prior information. Based on substantive considerations, researchers believe that true interactions between chemicals need to incorporate their corresponding main effects. In this paper, we use this prior knowledge through a shrinkage prior that a priori assumes an interaction term can only occur when the corresponding main effects exist. Our initial development is for logistic regression with linear chemical effects. We extend this formulation to include non-linear polynomial main effects and corresponding interactions. We develop an efficient MCMC algorithm using a shrinkage prior that shrinks the interaction terms closer to zero as the main effects get closer to zero. We illustrate the efficiency of our methodology through simulation studies and an analysis of chemical interactions in a case-control study in cancer.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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