Online Program Home
  My Program

All Times EDT

Abstract Details

Activity Number: 211 - Disease Prediction
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, August 10, 2021 : 1:30 PM to 3:20 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics in Epidemiology
Abstract #318204
Title: Predicting the Risk of Clinical Events Using Longitudinal Data: The Generalized Landmark Analysis
Author(s): Yi Yao* and Brad Astor and Tom Greene and Wei Yang and Liang Li
Companies: The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and University of Wisconsin and University of Utah and University of Pennsylvania and The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease; Kidney Transplant; Dynamic prediction; Landmark analysis; Local regression

While developing models to predict the risk of a clinical event, the static prediction modeling (SPM) is commonly used, which relates baseline predictors to the time to event. Such analysis often uses data from longitudinal studies, with predictors measured at a series of clinical encounters post until the occurrence of the clinical event. This paper studies the generalized landmark analysis (GLA), a statistical framework to develop prediction models using longitudinal data. The GLA generalizes the landmark modeling, proposed for dynamic prediction, in studies where the baseline does not represent a clinical milestone, a situation common in chronic disease research. It can also be viewed as a longitudinal generalization of local regression, which has mainly been studied in the context of low-dimensional cross-sectional data. We illustrate the GLA using data from the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study and the Wisconsin Allograft Replacement Database (WisARD). Comparison of the SPM and the GLA shows that the latter has similarly or better predictive performance, with most prominent improvement in situations where the study population have notable changes over time.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

Back to the full JSM 2021 program