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Activity Number: 354 - Experimental Design and Reliability
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Thursday, August 12, 2021 : 10:00 AM to 11:50 AM
Sponsor: Section on Physical and Engineering Sciences
Abstract #318186
Title: Structure of Nonregular Two-Level Designs
Author(s): David Edwards*
Companies: Virginia Commonwealth University
Keywords: Bias; Indicator Function; Interaction; Minimal Dependent Set; Parallel Flats; Supersaturated Design

Two-level fractional factorial designs are often used in screening scenarios to identify active factors. This article investigates the block diagonal structure of the information matrix of nonregular two-level designs. This structure is appealing since estimates of parameters belonging to different diagonal submatrices are uncorrelated. As such, the covariance matrix of the least squares estimates is simplified and the number of linear dependencies is reduced. We connect the block diagonal information matrix to the parallel flats design literature and gain insights into the structure of what is estimable and/or aliased using the concept of minimal dependent sets. We show how to determine the number of parallel flats for any given design, and how to construct a design with a specified number of parallel flats. The usefulness of our construction method is illustrated by producing designs for estimation of the two-factor interaction model with three or more parallel flats. We also provide a fuller understanding of recently proposed group orthogonal supersaturated designs. Benefits of parallel flats designs for analysis, including bias containment, are also discussed.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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