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Activity Number: 56 - Causal Inference
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Sunday, August 8, 2021 : 3:30 PM to 5:20 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics in Epidemiology
Abstract #317673
Title: Mediation Analysis Using Semiparametric Shape-Restricted Regression Spline
Author(s): Qing Yin* and Shyamal Peddada and Jong-Hyeon Jeong and Jennifer Joan Adibi
Companies: University of Pittsburgh and The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and University of Pittsburgh and University of Pittsburgh
Keywords: Regression spline; Shape-restricted; Factor-by-curve interaction; Mediation analysis

Epidemiologists often build models to analyze the relationship between an exposure and a potential outcome caused by the exposure. In many cases, the exposure may not directly lead to the outcome, but instead, it induces the outcome through a process. Mediation analysis is designed to explain the causal relationship between the exposure and the outcome by examining the intermediate stage, which helps researchers understand the pathway whereby the exposure affects the outcome. The regression-based mediation analysis has been formulated and developed in the last decade, and several papers discussed the situation where the relationship between the mediator and the outcome is curvilinear. In this paper, we develop a method to analytically estimate the direct and indirect effects when we have some prior knowledge on the relationship between the mediator and the outcome (increasing, decreasing, convex or concave) and obtain the asymptotic confidence intervals of those effects via delta method. We illustrate our method using a population-level prenatal screening program data set.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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