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Activity Number: 341 - Change-Point Models in Quality Control Applications
Type: Topic-Contributed
Date/Time: Thursday, August 12, 2021 : 10:00 AM to 11:50 AM
Sponsor: Quality and Productivity Section
Abstract #317499
Title: Detection of Temporary System Failures
Author(s): Michael Baron* and Sergey V. Malov
Companies: American University and Theodosius Dobzhansky Center for Genome Bioinformatics, St.-Petersburg State University
Keywords: Change-point; cumulative sums; detection; likelihood ratio; maximum likelihood estimation; sequential

Change-point detection methods are proposed for the case of temporary failures, when an unexpected disorder is ultimately followed by an adjustment and return to the initial state. A known base distribution of the in-control state changes to an unknown out-of-control distribution only temporarily. Durations and patterns of out-of-control segments vary, but the eventual return to the base distribution is inevitable. Sequential and retrospective methods are proposed for the detection and estimation of each pair of change-points. Examples of similar problems are shown in quality and process control, energy finance, and statistical genetics, although the meaning of disorder and adjustment change-points is quite different in these applications.

[Acknowledgment: The work of M. Baron is supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grant 1737960. The work of S. Malov is supported by the Russian Science Foundation grant 20-14-00072.]

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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