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Activity Number: 274 - SPES and Q&P Student Paper Award
Type: Topic-Contributed
Date/Time: Wednesday, August 11, 2021 : 1:30 PM to 3:20 PM
Sponsor: Section on Physical and Engineering Sciences
Abstract #317375
Title: APIK: Active Physics-Informed Kriging Model with Partial Differential Equations
Author(s): Jialei Chen* and Zhehui Chen and Chuck Zhang and Jeff Wu
Companies: Georgia Tech and Georgia Tech and Georgia Tech and Georgia Tech
Keywords: Derivative process; Expectation-maximization algorithm; Gaussian process regression; Pseudo points

Kriging (or Gaussian process regression) becomes a popular machine learning method for its flexibility and closed-form prediction expressions. However, one of the key challenges in applying kriging to engineering systems is that the available measurement data is scarce due to the measurement limitations or high sensing costs. On the other hand, physical knowledge of the engineering system is often available and represented in the form of partial differential equations (PDEs). We present in this paper a PDE Informed Kriging model (PIK), which introduces PDE information via a set of PDE points and conducts posterior prediction similar to the standard kriging method. The proposed PIK model can incorporate physical knowledge from both linear and nonlinear PDEs. To further improve learning performance, we propose an Active PIK framework (APIK) that designs PDE points to leverage the PDE information based on the PIK model and measurement data. We demonstrate the effectiveness of APIK in two synthetic examples, a shock wave case study, and a laser heating case study.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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