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Activity Number: 37 - Advances in Statistical Climatology
Type: Invited
Date/Time: Sunday, August 8, 2021 : 3:30 PM to 5:20 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics and the Environment
Abstract #314433
Title: Detection of Local Differences in Spatial Characteristics Between Two Climate Fields
Author(s): Sooin Yun and Xianyang Zhang and Bo Li*
Companies: UIUC and Texas A&M University and University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
Keywords: FDR; Mirror Procedure; Multiple testing; Spatial dependency; Spatiotemporal random field

Comparing the spatial characteristics of spatiotemporal random fields is often at demand. However, the comparison can be challenging due to the high-dimensional feature and dependency in the data. We develop a new multiple testing approach to detect local differences in the spatial characteristics of two spatiotemporal ran- dom fields by taking the spatial information into account. Our method adopts a two-component mixture model for location wise p-values and then derives a new false discovery rate (FDR) control, called mirror procedure, to determine the optimal re- jection region. This procedure is robust to model misspecification and allows for weak dependency among hypotheses. To integrate the spatial heterogeneity, we model the mixture probability as well as study the benefit if any of allowing the alternative distribution to be spatially varying. An EM-algorithm is developed to estimate the mixture model and implement the FDR procedure. We study the FDR control and the power of our new approach both theoretically and numerically, and apply the approach to compare the mean and teleconnection pattern between two synthetic climate fields.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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