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Activity Number: 130 - Advances in Resource Allocation for Epidemic Control: Estimation, Optimization, and Counterfactuals
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Monday, August 3, 2020 : 1:00 PM to 2:50 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics in Epidemiology
Abstract #313497
Title: Optimal Resource Allocation for Containment of Epidemics
Author(s): Jorge Francisco Barreras* and Victor Miguel Preciado
Companies: University of Pennsylvania and University of Pennsylvania
Keywords: Spreading processes; Resource allocation; Epidemics; Networked dynamics

Understanding spreading processes in complex networks and designing control strategies to contain them is very relevant in epidemiology and public health. In this work, we analyze the problem of controlling spreading processes in networks by distributing protection resources throughout the nodes. In our study, we consider two types of containment resources: (i) Preventive resources able to protect (or immunize) nodes against the spreading (such as vaccines in a viral infection process), and (ii) corrective resources able to neutralize the spreading after it has reached a node, such as antidotes in a viral infection. In our framework, we associate a cost with these resources and study the problem of finding the cost-optimal distribution of resources throughout the network to contain the spreading. In this context, the following question is of particular interest: given a contact network (possibly weighted and/or directed) and resources that provide partial protection (e.g., vaccines and/or antidotes), how should one distribute these resources throughout the networks in a cost optimal manner to contain the spread?

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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