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Activity Number: 121 - Handling Large Dimensionality, Skewness and Non-Stationarity Through Multi-Resolution Spatial Modeling
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Monday, July 29, 2019 : 8:30 AM to 10:20 AM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics and the Environment
Abstract #304967
Title: Multi-Scale Models for Large Non-Stationary Spatial Data Sets
Author(s): Bruno Sanso* and Daniel Kirsner and Rajarshi Guhaniyogi
Companies: University of California Santa Cruz and University of California Santa Cruz and University of California, SC
Keywords: space models; multiresolution; variable selection

To model random fields whose variability changes at differing scales we use multiscale kernel convolution models that rely on nested grids of knots at different resolutions. Thus, lower order terms capture large scale features, while high order terms capture small scale ones. To accommodate the space-varying nature of the variability we consider priors for the coefficients of the kernel expansion that are structured to provide increasing shrinkage as the resolution grows. A tree shrinkage prior auto-tunes the degree of resolution necessary to model a subregion in the domain. In addition, compactly supported kernel functions allow local updating of the model parameters which achieves massive scalability by suitable parallelization. As an alternative, we develop an approach that relies on knot selection, rather than shrinkage, to achieve parsimony, and discuss how this induces a field with spatially varying resolution. We extend shotgun stochastic search to the multi resolution model setting, and demonstrate that this method is computationally competitive and produces excellent fit to both synthetic and real datasets

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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