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Activity Number: 66 - Improving Data Collection: Challenges in Survey Practice
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Sunday, July 28, 2019 : 4:00 PM to 5:50 PM
Sponsor: Government Statistics Section
Abstract #304816 Presentation
Title: Multivariate Unit-Level Models for Non-Gaussian Survey Data Under Informative Sampling Designs
Author(s): Paul Parker* and Scott H. Holan and Ryan Janicki
Companies: University of Missouri and University of Missouri/U.S. Census Bureau and U.S. Census Bureau
Keywords: Bayesian; Informative sampling; Latent Gaussian process; Non-Gaussian; Small area estimation

Model-based small area estimation is frequently used in conjunction with survey data in order to establish estimates for under-sampled or unsampled geographies. These models can be specified at either the area-level, or the unit-level, but unit-level models often offer potential advantages such as more precise estimates and easy spatial aggregation. In modeling small areas at the unit level, challenges often arise as a consequence of the informative sampling used to collect the survey data. Similar to area-level models, latent Gaussian process (LGP) models can be used within a Bayesian framework to take advantage of underlying dependencies. Nevertheless, LGP models often present computational difficulties in high-dimensional settings. We explore the use of both latent Gaussian processes as well as new distribution theory to model multivariate non-Gaussian responses under informative sampling. We compare the utility and computational feasibility of both models via a simulation study and an application to American Community Survey (ACS) data.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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