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Activity Number: 332 - Multivariate Time Series: Modeling and Estimation
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, July 30, 2019 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Business and Economic Statistics Section
Abstract #304642
Title: Dual Coupled Kalman Filters for Simultaneously Updating Estimated Time-Varying States and Parameters of VARMA Models Using Data with Periodically or Non-Periodically Missing Values
Author(s): Peter Zadrozny*
Companies: Bureau of Labor Statistics
Keywords: fixed-point iterations; Gibbs sampling

In estimation of fixed parameters of vector autoregressive moving-average (VARMA) models, the Kalman filter (KF) has been used to estimate time-varying model states, in particular, when data are partly missing periodically or non-periodically, e.g., when not all variables are observed at the same frequency. A "flipped" KF has also been used to estimate time-varying parameters. But, then, the KF cannot also handle missing data. The paper shows how two such "dual" KFs can be operated simultaneously to estimate VARMA models with time-varying parameters using partly missing data. The key numerical step in a KF computation is evaluating a matrix Riccati equation. The paper shows that the Riccati equations of two such dual KFs converge to each other and are evaluated in their converged form, which is illustrated numerically. The included proof of this result hinges on proving that the dual-coupled Riccati iterations converge.

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