Online Program Home
My Program

Abstract Details

Activity Number: 630 - Uncertainty Quantification, Reliability and Robust Inference
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Thursday, August 2, 2018 : 8:30 AM to 10:20 AM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics in Defense and National Security
Abstract #328905
Title: Emulating Satellite Drag from Large Simulation Experiments
Author(s): Furong Sun* and Robert Gramacy and Benjamin Haaland and Earl Christopher Lawrence and Andrew Walker
Companies: Virginia Tech and Virginia Tech and Population Health Sciences, University of Utah and Los Alamos National Laboratory and Space Science and Applications, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Keywords: approximate kriging; nonparametric regression; nearest neighbor; multilevel modeling

Obtaining accurate estimates of satellite drag coefficients in low Earth orbit is a crucial component in positioning and collision avoidance. Simulators can produce accurate estimates, but their computational expense is much too large for real-time application. A pilot study showed that Gaussian process (GP) surrogate models could accurately emulate simulations. However, cubic runtime for training GPs means that they could only be applied to a narrow range of input configurations to achieve the desired level of accuracy. In this paper we show how extensions to the local approximate Gaussian Process (laGP) method allow accurate full-scale emulation. The new methodological contributions, which involve a multi-level global/local modeling approach, and a set-wise approach to local subset selection, are shown to perform well in benchmark and synthetic data settings. We conclude by demonstrating that our method achieves the desired level of accuracy, besting simpler viable (i.e., computationally tractable) global and local modeling approaches, when trained on seventy thousand core hours of drag simulations for two real satellites: the HST and the GRACE.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

Back to the full JSM 2018 program