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Activity Number: 307
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, August 2, 2016 : 8:30 AM to 10:20 AM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics in Epidemiology
Abstract #320738
Title: The Effect of World Trade Center Exposure on the Timing of Aerodigestive Diagnoses in New York City Firefighters: 2001--2011
Author(s): Charles Hall* and Xiaoxue Liu and Rachel Zeig-Owens and Jessica Weakley and Mayris P. Webber and Theresa Schwartz and David J. Prezant
Companies: Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center and Montefiore Medical Center and Montefiore Medical Center and Montefiore Medical Center and Montefiore Medical Center and Fire Department of the City of New York
Keywords: parametric survival analysis ; change points ; aerodigestive

We assessed change over time in the effect of exposure to the World Trade Center rescue/recovery effort on the incidence of physician-diagnosed obstructive airway disease (OAD), chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) in 8,968 male firefighters. Exposure was categorized by time of initial exposure. Piecewise exponential survival models were used to estimate incidences by arrival group, with change points in the relative incidences estimated by profile likelihood. For OAD, change points were observed at 15 and 84 months post-9/11, with relative rate (RR) for the high vs. low exposure group of 3.85 [2.41-6.15] prior to 15 months, 1.94 [1.49-2.51] from months 16 to 84, and 1.20 [0.91-1.58] thereafter; no change point was observed for CRS (RR 1.90 [1.56-2.30]) or GERD (RR 1.48 [1.27-1.73]). OAD diagnosis was strongly associated with CRS (RR 4.15 [3.70-4.66]) and GERD (RR 3.18 [2.90-3.48]) diagnoses and partially mediated the association between WTC exposure and both CRS and GERD. Ongoing symptoms post-OAD diagnoses were associated with CRS and GERD diagnoses. This effect of OAD may be biological or may reflect health care utilization practices.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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