Conference Program Home
  My Program

All Times EDT

Abstract Details

Activity Number: 202 - Meta-Analysis, Mediation, and Causal Inference from a Bayesian Perspective
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Monday, August 8, 2022 : 2:00 PM to 3:50 PM
Sponsor: Section on Bayesian Statistical Science
Abstract #322687
Title: Bayesian Hierarchical Models for Multivariate Meta-Analysis of Diagnostic Tests in the Absence of a Gold Standard with an Application to SARS-CoV-2 Infection Diagnosis
Author(s): Zheng Wang* and Haitao Chu and Thomas Murray and Mengli Xiao and Lifeng Lin and Demissie Alemayehu
Companies: University of Minnesota and Pfizer Inc. and University of Minnesota and University of Minnesota Twin Cities and Florida State University and Pfizer Inc.
Keywords: Bayesian hierarchical model; diagnostic test; meta-analysis; SARS-CoV-2 Infection Diagnosis; double negative

When evaluating a diagnostic test, it is common that a gold standard is absent. One example is the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection using saliva sampling or nasopharyngeal swab. Without a gold standard, a pragmatic approach is to postulate a “reference standard”, defined as positive if either test is positive, or negative if both are negative. However, this pragmatic approach may overestimate sensitivities because subjects infected with SARS-CoV-2 may still have double-negative test results even when both tests exhibit perfect specificity. To address this limitation, we propose a Bayesian hierarchical model for simultaneously estimating the sensitivities, specificities, and disease prevalence in the absence of a gold standard. The proposed model allows adjusting for study-level covariates. We evaluate the model performance using a worked example based on a recently published meta-analysis on the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection and extensive simulations. Compared with the pragmatic reference standard approach, we demonstrate that the proposed Bayesian method provides a more accurate evaluation of prevalence, specificities, and sensitivities in a meta-analytic framework.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

Back to the full JSM 2022 program