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Activity Number: 412 - Incorporation of Real-World Evidence in Clinical Trial Designs and Associated Statistical Methodologies
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Wednesday, August 5, 2020 : 1:00 PM to 2:50 PM
Sponsor: Section for Statistical Programmers and Analysts
Abstract #313838
Title: Analytic Considerations for Constructing Real-World Control Arms
Author(s): Katherine Tan* and Brian Segal and Jonathan Bryan and Melissa Curtis and Nathan Nussbaum and Rebecca Miksad and Meghna Samant and Somnath Sarkar and Aracelis Torres
Companies: Flatiron Health and Flatiron Health and Flatiron Health and Flatiron Health and Flatiron Health and Flatiron Health and Flatiron Health and Flatiron, Inc. and Flatiron Health
Keywords: Real-world evidence; Trial design; Electronic health records; Missing data

Electronic Health Records (EHR)-derived real-world data (RWD) are large-scale observational databases of patient characteristics, treatment patterns, and outcomes. An emerging use case of RWD is generating real-world comparator cohorts (rwCC), where a curated dataset of real-world patients receiving standard of care may be used to contextualize the benefit of an investigational therapy studied in a single arm clinical trial. Construction of rwCCs includes aligning to target trial’s eligibility criteria and enrollment timing, balancing (e.g. matching or weighting) on key prognostic characteristics, and comparing real-world and clinical trial outcomes. In this talk, we discuss analytic considerations for constructing rwCCs, such as missing data and post-baseline variables (for example subsequent therapy received). We illustrate these concepts in a case study replicating the control arm of an oncology trial, using data from the Flatiron Health EHR-derived de-identified database.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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