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Activity Number: 320 - Methods Tailored to Unique Data and Trial Features
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Wednesday, August 5, 2020 : 10:00 AM to 2:00 PM
Sponsor: Section on Medical Devices and Diagnostics
Abstract #313760
Title: Gumbel Regression Models for Longitudinal Continuous Biomarker Outcome Subject to Measurement Error
Author(s): Noorie Hyun* and David Couper and Donglin Zeng
Companies: Medical College of Wisconsin and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Keywords: Gumbel-Normal mixture distribution; Semiparametric models; Measurement error; Pseudo-likelihood; Bernstein splines

The extreme values in biomarker indicate abnormal status. Identifying characteristics of the subgroups with abnormally high/low values in biomarker is important for risk management. Furthermore, nearly all biomarkers are subject to measurement error. To address these issues, we use Gumbel-Normal mixture distributions by assuming that the true biomarker follows a Gumbel distribution given covariates and employing an additive measurement error model. We propose semiparametric Gumbel-Normal mixture models, which adjust parametrically for covariates and non-parametrically for time effect on biomarker values. In this paper, we focus on finding sub-population trends rather than individual variations over time. For longitudinal biomarker values, we use pseudo-likelihood by multiplying the marginal distributions and obtain maximum likelihood estimates via implementing the EM algorithm. We approximate the time effect in the models by using Bernstein splines so that flexible modeling for time effect is allowed. We compare the proposed models to generalized linear models in analyzing blood glucose data from a diabetes ancillary study to the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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