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Activity Number: 27 - Innovative Methods for Missing Data and Measurement Error in Health Research
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Monday, August 3, 2020 : 10:00 AM to 11:50 AM
Sponsor: Health Policy Statistics Section
Abstract #313442
Title: Statistical Methods to Estimate Change in Incomplete Multivariate Ordinal Responses from Patient Reported Outcome Measures
Author(s): Olawale Fatai Ayilara* and Tolulope T Sajobi and Ruth Barclay and Mohammad Jafari Jozani and Lisa M Lix
Companies: University of Manitoba and University of Calgary and University of Manitoba and University of Manitoba and University of Manitoba
Keywords: measurement invariance; matrix factorization; non-response bias; item response theory; latent variable; longitudinal

Patient-reported outcomes (PROs), which refer to patients’ appraisals of their own health and quality of life, are increasingly used to assess the impact of treatment interventions over time. Estimates of intervention effects may be biased by item non-response, which can also result in loss of statistical power. We estimated the bias and mean squared error of the factor scores for full information maximum likelihood, conditional proportional odds multiple imputation and non-negative matrix factorization, which approximately separates a high-dimensional data matrix into two low-dimensional matrices. We used Monte Carlo simulation for longitudinal item response theory to compare ordinal item non-response methods for estimating change in latent factor scores over time. Results were obtained under the assumption of: (1) longitudinal measurement invariance, which implies that the latent variable parameters are constant over time; and (2) different missing data mechanisms with varying proportions of item non-response. The impact of the missingness mechanism and the choice of methods for handling ordinal item non-response on estimated change in latent factor scores will be discussed.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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