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Activity Number: 203 - Contemporary Machine Learning
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, August 4, 2020 : 10:00 AM to 2:00 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistical Learning and Data Science
Abstract #312726
Title: Modeling Temporary Shocks with Latent Processes for High-Dimensional Demand Time Series
Author(s): Benedikt Sommer* and Klaus Kähler Holst and Pierre Pinson
Companies: Maersk and Maersk Research & Data and Technical University of Denmark
Keywords: Multivariate state space models; Bayesian priors; Penalized likelihood; Demand forecasting; Calendar effects; Prediction intervals

Many demand time series experience temporary shocks, such as through calendar effects or sales campaigns. In a network with geographically dispersed locations, shocks may seem to be regionally contained. However, their effects can be global which then have to be accounted for when forecasting demand. We propose a linear multivariate state space model to model the global effects of regional temporary shocks through a latent process. We further propose two regularization strategies to address the large set of coefficients that are required to model complex demand time series. Our first proposal is a penalized likelihood method with a grouped penalization of the model coefficients. In addition, we consider the model coefficient regularization through Bayesian priors. We compare the empirical forecasting performance of our model against benchmark models on a demand dataset of a large container shipping company.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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