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Activity Number: 575 - Trial Design with Subpopulation Heterogeneity: What Is the Role of Real-World Evidence?
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Thursday, August 6, 2020 : 3:00 PM to 4:50 PM
Sponsor: Biopharmaceutical Section
Abstract #309674
Title: Dynamic Borrowing in the Presence of Treatment Effect Heterogeneity
Author(s): Joseph Koopmeiners* and Ales Kotalik and David Vock
Companies: University of Minnesota and University of Minnesota and University of Minnesota
Keywords: Treatment Effect heterogeneity; Dynamic Borrowing; Bayesian Statistics; Clinical Trials

A number of statistical approaches have been proposed for incorporating supplemental information in randomized clinical trials, including power priors, commensurate priors and multisource exchangeability models. In existing approaches, dynamic borrowing is based on the consistency of the marginal treatment effect in the primary and supplementary sources. This represents a limitation in the presence of treatment effect heterogeneity, in which case the marginal treatment effect may differ between the primary and supplemental data sources solely due to changes in the study population. In this case, existing methods will ignore supplemental data, even though borrowing may be desirable if the heterogeneity can be explained by observed covariates. In this presentation, we introduce a general approach to incorporating supplemental information in the presence of population heterogeneity. Our simulation results illustrate that our method incorporates supplemental information in the presence of heterogeneous marginal effects if the heterogeneity can be explained by observed covariates, while ignoring supplemental data if the heterogeneity cannot be explained by the observed covariates.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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