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Activity Number: 553 - Improving Patient Care Through Personalized/Stratified Medicine: Modern Data Science and Perspectives from Pharmaceutical Industry Leads and Regulatory
Type: Invited
Date/Time: Thursday, August 6, 2020 : 3:00 PM to 4:50 PM
Sponsor: Biopharmaceutical Section
Abstract #309169
Title: PRISM: Patient Response Identifiers for Stratified Medicine
Author(s): Thomas Jemielita* and Devan Mehrotra
Companies: Merck & Co., Inc and Merck
Keywords: Subgroups; Stratified Medicine; Personalized Medicine; Clinical Trials

Pharmaceutical companies continue to seek innovative ways to explore whether a drug under development is likely to be suitable for all or only an identifiable stratum of patients in the target population. Here, we describe a general framework, Patient Response Identifiers for Stratified Medicine (PRISM), for the discovery of potential predictors of drug response and associated subgroups. PRISM, which is available within the “StratifiedMedicine” R package, is highly flexible and can have many “configurations”, allowing the incorporation of complementary models or tools for a variety of outcomes and settings. To facilitate design planning for continuous and binary outcomes, one promising approach is to use model-based partitioning for subgroup identification while using the double-robust estimator for parameter estimation. Bootstrap resampling is then used for “honest” subgroup-level treatment effect estimates and inference. Simulation results, along with data from a Merck clinical trial are used to illustrate the utility of the proposed framework.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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