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Activity Number: 418 - SPEED: Biostatistical Methods, Application, and Education, Part 2
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, July 30, 2019 : 2:00 PM to 2:45 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics in Epidemiology
Abstract #307826
Title: Age-Period-Cohort Analysis of Lead Body Burden in the United States, 1976-2016
Author(s): Yutaka Aoki*
Companies: National Center for Health Statistics
Keywords: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES); age-period-cohort analysis; blood lead; red blood cell lead; natural spline; birth cohort

To our knowledge, investigation of the trajectory of lead body burden in the U.S. based on age-period-cohort analysis has not been published. We analyzed data on red blood cell (RBC) lead as a measure of lead body burden from 76,066 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants in 1976-1980, 1988-1994, and 1999-2016, who were born since 1900. Geometric means by birth decade and 5-year age group were described graphically. Using log-linear regression, RBC lead was modeled as a function of age, period, and/or birth cohort variables, entered as either discrete or continuous (transformed and/or as natural spline). A plot by birth decade and age showed that following the 1976-1980 period RBC lead had a marked decrease consistent with the well-documented decrease in blood lead. For the 1976-1980 period, preliminary regression analysis revealed that RBC lead varied by birth decade and already was decreasing at an age-dependent rate. The age-period-cohort analysis shows promise as an analytic tool for uncovering previously unrecognized patterns in time-related changes in lead body burden.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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