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Activity Number: 527 - Contributed Poster Presentations: Section on Statistics in Genomics and Genetics
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Wednesday, July 31, 2019 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics in Genomics and Genetics
Abstract #307174
Title: The Additive Model in Genetic Association Studies
Author(s): Zhengyang Zhou* and HUNG-CHIH KU and Chao Xing
Companies: University of North Texas Health Science Center and DePaul University and UT Southwestern Medical Center
Keywords: additive model; Cochran-Armitage trend test; case-control study; genetic association study

Genetic case-control association studies have been widely-used for many human complex diseases, where Cochran-Armitage trend test with 1 degree-of-freedom under the assumption of an additive model is a standard practice to detect the association of the disease with candidate alleles. However, we show that the commonly-used additive score is biased when the case proportion is not equal to the population disease prevalence, which almost always holds for case-control study. In this study we first examine the statistical source that leads to this bias, and then develop an unbiased adjusted additive score that successfully maintains the additive model characteristics. We also prove that, the unbiased additive score is more close to a dominant model for common case-control studies where case proportions are higher. We conduct simulation studies to confirm above arguments. We further investigate the effect on power of the misuse of the biased additive score under different situations.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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