Online Program Home
My Program

Abstract Details

Activity Number: 355 - Contributed Poster Presentations: Biopharmaceutical Section
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, July 30, 2019 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Biopharmaceutical Section
Abstract #307124
Title: Mediation by Progression of Treatment-Related Differences in Patient Reported Outcomes (PROs) in Oncology
Author(s): Michael Blackowicz* and Alicyn Campbell and Lysbeth Floden and Stacie Hudgens and Ethan Basch
Companies: Clinical Outcomes Solutions and Patient Relevant Evidence and Clinical Outcomes Solutions and Clinical Outcomes Solutions and University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Keywords: Patient Reported Outcomes; Oncology; Mediation; Simulation

Aims: The purpose of this study was to estimate the extent to which symptomatic progression mediates the association of treatment with PRO symptom scores in oncology.

Methods: Using simulated data modeled after results from a phase 3 clinical trial in prostate cancer, repeated measures mixed effects models of the FACT-P Symptom Index (FAPSI) were used to estimate the total effect (TE), the controlled direct effect (CDE), the controlled indirect effect (CIE), and the average marginal controlled direct effect (AMCDE) of treatment mediated by symptomatic progression.

Results: Progression was significantly lower in the treatment group compared to placebo. The TE of treatment on FAPSI score change was near null and non-significant. The CDE was also near null, but the CIE through progression showed a significant treatment effect. The AMCDE showed a modest, but non-significant treatment effect.

Conclusions: These results demonstrate an attenuation of the treatment effect in the mediation-naïve model (TE) compared to the mediation model (AMCDE), which highlights the importance of modeling causal pathways in determining an overall treatment effect on health-related quality of life.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

Back to the full JSM 2019 program