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Activity Number: 21 - Aligning Data Normalization with Analysis Goals for Reproducible Research
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Sunday, July 28, 2019 : 2:00 PM to 3:50 PM
Sponsor: Biometrics Section
Abstract #307071
Title: On the ‘Off-Label’ Use of Data Normalization for Sample Classification and Prognostication
Author(s): Li-Xuan Qin* and Ai Ni and Mengling Liu
Companies: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and The Ohio State University and New York University
Keywords: Genomics; Microarray; Normalization; Classification; Prediction; Personalized medicine

Data normalization is an important preprocessing step for molecular data containing unwanted data variation due to experimental handling. There has been a critical yet over-looked disconnection between the use of data normalization and the goals of subsequent analysis: on one hand, methods for data normalization have been mostly developed for the analysis goal of group comparison; on the other hand, these methods have encountered frequent ‘off-label’ use for other goals such as sample classification, neglecting the impact of potential ‘side-effects’ of normalization such as over-compressed data variability. A bridge between these two is made possible by a unique pair of microRNA array datasets on the same set of tumor tissue samples that were collected at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. In this talk, I will share our findings, through empirical analysis and re-sampling-based simulations using this dataset pair, on how data normalization impacts the development of tumor sample classifiers and survival outcome predictors.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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