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Activity Number: 254 - Contributed Poster Presentations: Section on Bayesian Statistical Science
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Monday, July 29, 2019 : 2:00 PM to 3:50 PM
Sponsor: Section on Bayesian Statistical Science
Abstract #306999
Title: Bayesian Sparse Multivariate Regression with Asymmetric Nonlocal Priors for Microbiome Data Analysis
Author(s): Kurtis Shuler* and Juhee Lee and Marilou Sison-Mangus
Companies: UCSC and University of California, Santa Cruz and UCSC
Keywords: count data; harmful algal blooms; negative binomial; next-generation sequencing; nonlocal prior; stochastic search variable selection

We propose a Bayesian sparse multivariate regression method to model the relationship between microbe abundance and environmental factors for microbiome data. We model abundance counts of operational taxonomic units (OTUs) with a negative binomial distribution and relate covariates to the counts through regression. Extending conventional nonlocal priors, we construct asymmetric nonlocal priors for regression coefficients to efficiently identify relevant covariates with their effect direction. We build a hierarchical model to facilitate pooling of information across OTUs and achieve parsimonious models with improved accuracy. We present simulation studies comparing variable selection performance under the proposed model to those under Bayesian sparse regression models with asymmetric and symmetric local priors and two frequentist models. The simulations show the proposed model identifies important covariates and yields coefficient estimates with favorable accuracy compared with the alternatives. The proposed model is applied to analyze an ocean microbiome dataset collected over time to study the association of harmful algal bloom conditions with microbial communities.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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