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Activity Number: 470 - Biomarker Evaluation and Winning Student Papers on Medical Devices and Diagnostics
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Wednesday, July 31, 2019 : 8:30 AM to 10:20 AM
Sponsor: Section on Medical Devices and Diagnostics
Abstract #306810
Title: Smoothed Empirical Likelihood Inference for the Youden Index Subject to Limit of Detection
Author(s): Dongliang Wang*
Companies: SUNY Upstate Medical University
Keywords: ROC analysis; empirical likelihood; censored data; kernel smoothing; Youden index; Kolmogorov-Smirnov test

The Youden index serves as an excellent summary statistic of a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve as it directly reflects the misclassification rate. The inference of the Youden index usually involves the grid search of the optimal cutoff and could be even complicated if the biomarker measurement is subject to a limit of detection. In this talk, the derivation of a smoothed empirical likelihood (SEL) will be illustrated, for the inference of the Youden index in the presence of incomplete data caused by a limit of detection. The method allows nonparametric profile likelihood ratio test and avoids the optimal cutoff estimation. Both asymptotic properties and empirical performance of the SEL method will be evaluated. Furthermore, the feasibility of using the proposed method as a Kolmogorov-Smirnov two-sample test procedure under random censorship will also be discussed.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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