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Activity Number: 156 - Statistical Interactions – Making an Impact in Health Science
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Monday, July 29, 2019 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Section on Risk Analysis
Abstract #306739
Title: Test for Gene (G)-Environment (E) Interaction Based on the Trend Effect of Genotype Under an Additive Risk Model Using an Empirical Bayes-Type Shrinkage Estimator
Author(s): Summer Han* and Matthieu de Rochemonteix and Nilanjan Chatterjee
Companies: Stanford University and Stanford University and Johns Hopkins University
Keywords: gene-environment interaction; additive model; GWAS; case-control design; interaction; gene-environment independence

Various statistical methods have been proposed for testing G-E interactions under additive risk models for case-control data. However, these approaches have strong assumptions on the underlying genetic model such as dominant or recessive effects that are known to be less robust when the true genetic model is unknown. Our goal is to develop a robust trend test for detecting G-E interaction under an additive risk model, also incorporating the G-E independence assumption to increase power. We used a constrained likelihood approach to impose two sets of constraints: (i) the linear trend effect of a genotype and (ii) the additive joint effects of G and E, exploiting a saturated logit model. To incorporate the G-E independence assumption, we used a retrospective likelihood and also extended our approach to an empirical Bayes-type shrinkage estimator that can relax G-E independence assumption in a data-adaptive fashion. Numerical investigation of power suggests that the proposed trend test is more powerful compared to those assuming a dominant, recessive, or general model under various parameter settings. We illustrate this method by applying it to data from an Alzheimer disease study.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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