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Activity Number: 254 - Contributed Poster Presentations: Section on Bayesian Statistical Science
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Monday, July 29, 2019 : 2:00 PM to 3:50 PM
Sponsor: Section on Bayesian Statistical Science
Abstract #304549
Title: A Bayesian Model of Microbiome Data for Simultaneous Identification of Covariate Associations and Prediction of Phenotypic Outcomes
Author(s): Matthew Koslovsky* and Kristi L. Hoffman and Carrie R. Daniel and Marina Vannucci
Companies: Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine and MD Anderson Cancer Center and Rice University
Keywords: Bayesian statistics; joint modeling; multivariate count data; prediction; variable selection; microbiome

One of the major research questions regarding human microbiome studies is the feasibility of designing interventions that modulate the composition of the microbiome to promote health and cure disease. This requires extensive understanding of the modulating factors of the microbiome, such as dietary intake, as well as the relation between microbial composition and phenotypic outcomes, such as body mass index (BMI). Previous efforts have modeled these data separately, employing two-step approaches that can produce biased interpretations of the results. Here, we propose a Bayesian joint model that simultaneously identifies clinical covariates associated with microbial composition data and predicts a phenotypic response using information contained in the compositional data. We apply our model to understand the relations between dietary intake, microbial samples, and BMI. In this analysis, we find numerous associations between microbial taxa and dietary factors that may lead to a microbiome that is generally more hospitable to the development of chronic diseases, such as obesity.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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