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Activity Number: 564 - Analysis of Left-Censored Data (E.G., Below Detection): Real-World Problems in Need of Statisticians
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Wednesday, July 31, 2019 : 2:00 PM to 3:50 PM
Sponsor: Biometrics Section
Abstract #304170
Title: Accommodating Multiple Correlated Measurements Subject to Left-Censoring Due to Assay Limits of Detection: a Novel Application of Multivariate Time-To-Event Regression
Author(s): Shanshan Zhao* and Ling-Wan Chen
Companies: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and NIEHS
Keywords: Left-censor; Limit of Detection; Chemical Mixture; Biomarkers

Humans are exposed to a multitude of environmental toxicants daily, and there is a great interest in developing statistical methods for assessing the effects of chemical mixtures on various health outcomes. One difficulty is that multiple chemicals in the mixture can be subject to left-censoring due to varying limits of detection. Methods have been proposed to handle a single biomarker with limit of detection, including a nonstandard application of the Cox model, by considering the biomarker measure as the “event time” and treating the limit of detection as a right-censored time after a reversal of scale (Dinse (2014)). The hazard ratio in such a Cox model reflects the relationship between disease status (predictor) and the biomarker value (outcome). We extend this method to handle multiple correlated biomarkers subject to limits of detection, through a newly proposed multivariate Cox model. We apply the proposed method to a subset of Sister Study participants whose cadmium, arsenic, lead, mercury, iron, manganese and selenium were available from toenail clippings, to understand the effect of the metal mixture on breast cancer incidence.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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