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Activity Number: 621 - Beyond Linear Regression: Nonlinear Association, Quantile Regression and Generalized Linear Models
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Thursday, August 1, 2019 : 8:30 AM to 10:20 AM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics in Epidemiology
Abstract #304157 Presentation
Title: Modeling County-Level Rare Disease Prevalence Using Bayesian Hierarchical Zero-Inflated Beta
Author(s): Hui Xie* and Deborah Rolka and Lawrence Barker
Companies: CDC and CDC and CDC
Keywords: zero-inflated beta binomial; county-level prevalence rate; rare disease; Bayesain hierarchical; sampling weights

There is tremendous interest in estimating county-level disease prevalence. This is often done via model-based small-area estimation using survey data. However, for conditions with low prevalence (i.e., rare disease), counties with high fraction of zero counts in surveys are common. To account for counties with excess zero counts, we proposed a Bayesian hierarchical regression, modeling prevalence as a mixture of a beta binomial and a zero point mass. We denoted this Bayesian model with zero-inflated beta distribution as BZBB. Accounting for the sampling design through sampling weights and using historical data to derive our prior, we estimated county-level prevalence of vision impairment using Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data. We evaluated our estimates with American Community Survey results and simulation data. We showed that BZBB yielded less bias and smaller variance than estimates based on a binomial distribution, a common approach to this problem.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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