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Activity Number: 308 - Recent Advancements in Spatial and Spatio-Temporal Modeling
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, July 30, 2019 : 8:30 AM to 10:20 AM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics and the Environment
Abstract #302891 Presentation
Title: Estimation of the Degree of Non-Stationarity and Universal Kriging on a Sphere Based on Intrinsic Random Function Theory
Author(s): Jacob Shields* and Nicholas Bussberg and Chunfeng Huang
Companies: Elanco Animal Health and Indiana University and Indiana University
Keywords: Non-stationarity; Universal Kriging; Intrinsic Random Function; Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space; Spatial Statistics

Global-scale phenomena, of which there are a multitude of important applications ranging from climate science to epidemiology, can be viewed as random fields on a sphere. Huang et al. (2019) proposed a class of non-stationary random fields called the intrinsic random functions and studied their probabilistic properties. In this research, we present the statistical estimation of the degree of non-stationarity and the associated generalized covariance function. This paves the way for truly universal kriging on the sphere. This is in stark contrast with universal kriging in Euclidean space, where the variogram is often used in place of a generalized covariance function. We demonstrate our approach with simulation studies and evaluate its performance using cross validation applied to temperature anomaly data of Earth's troposphere.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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