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Activity Number: 14 - Novel Statistical Methods for Network-Based Studies Among People Who Use Drugs
Type: Invited
Date/Time: Sunday, July 28, 2019 : 2:00 PM to 3:50 PM
Sponsor: National Institute on Drug Abuse-NIH
Abstract #300482 Presentation
Title: Toward Evaluation of Dissemination of HIV Prevention Interventions Among Networks of People Who Inject Drugs
Author(s): Ashley Buchanan* and Natallia Katenka and Ayako Shimada and M Elizabeth Halloran and Samuel Friedman
Companies: University of Rhode Island and University of Rhode Island and University of Rhode Island and University of Washington and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and National Development and Research Institutes, Inc.
Keywords: Causal Inference; Observed Network Study; HIV/AIDS; People Who Inject Drugs; Interference; Community Detection

Like many other populations, people who inject drugs are embedded in social networks or communities (e.g., injection drug, non-injection drug, sexual risk) and exert biological and social influence on the members of their social networks. The direct effect is the effect on the index participants (i.e., participants who received the intervention) and the disseminated (or indirect) effect is the effect on the participants who shared a network with the index participant. We analyzed a network of people who inject drugs from the Social Factors and HIV Risk Study (SFHR), 1991 to 1993, Bushwick, New York, where links were defined by shared sexual and injection behaviors. In our setting, the study design is an observed network with a nonrandomized intervention or exposure, where information is available on each participant and their directional HIV risk connections. We assumed that smaller groupings or neighborhoods for each individual can be identified in the data. We used an inverse probability weighted approach to quantify the direct and disseminated effects of health beliefs on health-seeking behavior and evaluated the impact of community structure on likelihood of the outcomes.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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