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Activity Number: 547 - Annals of Statistics Special Invited Session: Selected Papers
Type: Invited
Date/Time: Wednesday, July 31, 2019 : 2:00 PM to 3:50 PM
Sponsor: IMS
Abstract #300138
Title: Efficient Nonparametric Bayesian Inference for X-Ray Transforms
Author(s): Richard Nickl*
Companies: University of Cambridge

We consider the statistical inverse problem of recovering a function f:M??, where M is a smooth compact Riemannian manifold with boundary, from measurements of general X-ray transforms I(f) of f, corrupted by additive Gaussian noise. For M equal to the unit disk with `flat' geometry this reduces to the standard Radon transform, but our general setting allows for anisotropic media M and can further model local `attenuation' effects -- both highly relevant in practical imaging problems such as SPECT tomography. We propose a nonparametric Bayesian inference approach based on standard Gaussian process priors for f. The posterior reconstruction of f corresponds to a Tikhonov regulariser with a reproducing kernel Hilbert space norm penalty. We prove Bernstein-von Mises theorems that entail that posterior-based inferences such as credible sets are valid and optimal from a frequentist point of view for a large family of semi-parametric aspects of f. In particular we derive the asymptotic distribution of smooth linear functionals of the Tikhonov regulariser, which is shown to attain the semi-parametric Cram\'er-Rao information bound.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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