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Activity Number: 434 - SPEED: Classification and Data Science
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, July 31, 2018 : 2:00 PM to 2:45 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistical Learning and Data Science
Abstract #332760
Title: An Alternative to the Carnegie Classifications: Using Structural Equation Models to Identify Similar Doctoral Institutions
Author(s): Paul Harmon* and Sarah McKnight and Laura Hildreth and Ian C. Godwin and Mark Greenwood
Companies: Montana State University and Montana State University and Montana State University and Montana State University Office of Planning and Analysis and Montana State University
Keywords: Dimension Reduction; Higher Education Data; Institutional Research; Structural Equation Models; Classification

Institutional classification systems, such as the Carnegie Classifications, are used to delineate groups of institutions with similar characteristics and by administrators to guide policy decisions. However, the Carnegie Classifications themselves are neither well-documented nor easily reproduced. Using the 2015 data set from the Carnegie Classifications for Doctoral granting institutions, we propose an alternative method of classification that relies on Structural Equation Modeling rather than the Principal Components Analysis-based approach currently used. Rather than modeling two indices of institutional performance, as in the Carnegie method, we propose a single index created from two latent factors: one pertaining to STEM research outcomes and the other to non-STEM outcomes. Classifications can then be made using a univariate mixture model as opposed to subjective determination of groups, as is done in the Carnegie method. To explore the two classification methods, we created two R-Shiny applications that allow a user to change the underlying variables on which universities are measured and assess the resulting changes in group membership.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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