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Activity Number: 166 - SPEED: Topics in Bayesian Analysis
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Monday, July 30, 2018 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Section on Bayesian Statistical Science
Abstract #329828 Presentation
Title: Geometric Sensitivity Measures for Nonparametric Bayesian Models in Density Estimation
Author(s): Abhijoy Saha* and Sebastian Kurtek and Karthik Bharath
Companies: The Ohio State University and The Ohio State University and The University of Nottingham
Keywords: Global sensitivity analysis; Fisher-Rao metric; Dirichlet process prior; Dirichlet process mixture models; Nonparametric Bayesian density estimation; Modified Wasserstein distance

We propose a geometric framework to assess global sensitivity of Bayesian nonparametric models in density estimation. Our measures build upon the nonparametric Fisher-Rao Riemannian metric which, under the square-root transform of probability density functions, provides computationally efficient tools for exploring variability in posterior samples of densities, as well as calculating their averages, geodesic paths and distances. We consider models for density estimation based on Dirichlet-type priors and perform sensitivity analysis by perturbing either the precision parameter or the base probability measure. To determine the different effects of the perturbations of the parameters and hyperparameters in the models on the posterior, we defi ne four geometric complementary global sensitivity measures: (1) the Fisher-Rao distance between density averages of posterior samples, (2) difference in overall Karcher variances of posterior samples, (3) L2 norm of difference in scaled eigenvalues of covariance matrices obtained from posterior samples and (4) Wasserstein-type distance between posterior samples. We validate our approach using multiple simulation studies and real datasets.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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