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Activity Number: 476 - SPEED: Clinical Trial Design, Longitudinal Analysis, and Other Topics in Biopharmaceutical Statistics
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Wednesday, August 1, 2018 : 8:30 AM to 10:20 AM
Sponsor: Biopharmaceutical Section
Abstract #329746 Presentation
Title: Sample Size Formulae and Application for the Two-Stage Continual Reassessment Method (CRM)
Author(s): Cody Chiuzan* and Ying Kuen Ken Cheung and Zilan Chai
Companies: Columbia University and Columbia University and Columbia University
Keywords: Two-stage CRM; Sample size; Clinical trial; Shiny App

In the last few years, various model-based designs have been developed to identify the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in phase 1 trials. Encouragingly, an increasing number of trials have started to implement some of these novel methods, amongst which the Bayesian Continual Reassessment Method (CRM) is the most widely used. The CRM proposes two main dose-finding strategies: one-stage design and two-stage design. The latter requires the specification of an initial design (e.g., '3+3') that stays in effect until the first observed toxicity; at that point the trial turns to the model-based CRM. The two-stage CRM represents a more conservative escalation alternative by starting the trial at the lowest dose and potentially reducing the risk of overdosing. In order to facilitate the planning stage of a trial and provide a comparison of the two designs, we extended the sample size formulae for the one-stage CRM (Cheung, 2013) to the two-stage design. Simulation results are presented for several scenarios by varying parameters such as: targeted toxicity, accuracy probability, or number of pre-specified dose levels. Practical implementation is illustrated via a Shiny App.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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