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Activity Number: 163 - SPEED: Longitudinal/Correlated Data
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Monday, July 30, 2018 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Biometrics Section
Abstract #329034 Presentation
Title: Power and Sample Size Requirements for GEE Analyzes of Cluster Randomized Crossover Trials
Author(s): Fan Li* and Andrew Forbes and Elizabeth L. Turner and John S. Preisser
Companies: Duke Univeristy and Monash University and Duke Global Health Institutes and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Keywords: Cluster randomized crossover trials; Population-averaged model; Generalized estimating equations; Sample size; Eigenvalues; Finite-sample correction

The cluster randomized crossover design has been proposed to improve efficiency over the parallel design with a limited number of clusters. In recent years, the cluster randomized crossover design has been increasingly used in evaluating the effectiveness of health care policy or programs. Since interest often lies in quantifying the population-averaged intervention effect in these studies, we develop sample size procedures for continuous and binary outcomes corresponding to a population-averaged model estimated by the generalized estimating equations (GEE), accounting for both the within-period and inter-period correlations. We show that the required sample size depends on the correlation parameters through an eigenvalue of the within-cluster correlation matrix for continuous outcomes and through two distinct eigenvalues of the correlation matrix for binary outcomes. We demonstrate that the empirical power corresponds well with the predicted power by the proposed formula for as few as 8 clusters, when outcomes are analyzed using a bias-corrected estimating equations for the correlation parameters concurrently with a suitable bias-corrected sandwich variance estimator.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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