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Activity Number: 21 - Spatial and Spatio-Temporal Statistics for Biomedical and Epidemiological Studies
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Sunday, July 29, 2018 : 2:00 PM to 3:50 PM
Sponsor: Biometrics Section
Abstract #328918 Presentation
Title: Semiparametric Regression Methods for Spatial and Spatio-Temporal Data with Application to Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Studies
Author(s): Lily Wang* and Jingru Mu and Guannan Wang
Companies: Iowa State University and Iowa State University and College of William & Mary
Keywords: Complex domain; Environmental data; Penalization; Spatio-temporal models; Spline smoothing; Temporal and spatial trend

The wide availability of data observed over time and space, due to widespread collection of network and inexpensive geographical information systems, has stimulated many studies in a variety of disciplines. These huge collections of data often contain possibly interesting and valuable information, which has raised the demand in spatio-temporal data analytic approaches. This talk will highlight some intelligent semiparametric regression models that are sufficiently flexible to incorporate the nonstationary and heterogeneous features of spatio-temporal data. An advanced spatial smoothing technique will be introduced to solve the problem of "leakage" across the complex domains where many conventional spatial analysis tools suffer from. To demonstrate the efficiency of our method, we perform a spatio-temporal analysis of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in air pollution, which has been identified as one of the major factors strongly associated with increased cardiovascular disease and other various health problems. The results demonstrate that there are substantial benefits in modeling the spatio-temporal nonstationary and heterogeneous meteorological effect on PM2.5 concentrations.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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