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Activity Number: 337 - Causal Inference for Complex Data Challenges
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, July 31, 2018 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Biometrics Section
Abstract #328898 Presentation
Title: Estimating Causal Effects of Organ Transplantation Treatment Regimes
Author(s): David Michael Vock* and Jeffrey Boatman
Companies: University of Minnesota and Gustavus Adolphus College
Keywords: causal inference; dynamic treatment regimes; inverse probability weighting; precision medicine; transplantation

Patients awaiting cadaveric organ transplantation face a difficult decision if offered a low-quality organ: accept the organ or remain on the waiting list and hope a better organ is offered in the future. A dynamic treatment regime (DTR) for transplantation is a rule that dictates whether a patient should decline an offered organ. Existing methods can estimate the effect of DTRs on survival outcomes, but these were developed for applications where treatment is abundantly available. For transplantation, organ availability is limited, and existing methods can only estimate the effect of a DTR assuming a single patient follows the DTR. We show for transplantation that the effect of a DTR depends on whether other patients follow the DTR. To estimate the anticipated survival if the entire population were to adopt a DTR, we develop a novel inverse probability weighted estimator which re-weights patients based on the probability of following their transplant history in the counterfactual world in which all patients follow the DTR of interest. We show via simulation that our method has good finite-sample properties and apply our method to a lung transplantation observational registry.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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