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Activity Number: 338 - BIOP Student Paper Awards
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, July 31, 2018 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Biopharmaceutical Section
Abstract #328340
Title: A Robust Approach to Sample Size Calculation in Cancer Immunotherapy Trials with Delayed Treatment Effect
Author(s): Ting Ye* and Menggang Yu
Companies: University of Wisconsin-Madison and University of Wisconsin-Madison
Keywords: Cancer Immunotherapy; Clinical trial; Delayed treatment effect; sample size calculation

Immunotherapies are taking the center stage for cancer drug development and research. Many of these therapies, for example, immune checkpoint inhibitors, are known to have possible lag periods to achieve their full effects. Therefore the proportional hazard assumption is violated when comparing survival curves in randomized clinical trials evaluating such therapies. Limited work exists in determining sample size to account the lag period which is usually unknown and trial dependent. Assuming that the lag period is within some reasonable range, this paper presents an approach to calculate sample size based on a maximin efficiency robust test. Both theoretical derivations and simulation results show the proposed approach can guarantee the desired power in worst case scenarios and often much more efficient than existing approaches. Application to a real trial design is also illustrated.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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