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Activity Number: 603 - Statistical Inference for Precision Medicine and Subgroup Analysis
Type: Invited
Date/Time: Thursday, August 2, 2018 : 8:30 AM to 10:20 AM
Sponsor: ENAR
Abstract #326776 Presentation
Title: Uncertainty Quantification of Treatment Regime in Precision Medicine by Confidence Distributions
Author(s): Minge Xie* and Yilei Zhan and Sijian Wang
Companies: Rutgers University and Rutgers University and Rutgers University
Keywords: confidence distribution; fusion learning; i-Fusion; individualized fusion

Personalized decision rule in precision medicine is a `discrete parameter', for which theoretical development of statistical inference is lacking. This talk proposes a new way to quantify the estimation uncertainty in a personalized decision based on confidence distribution (CD). Suppose, in a regression setup, the optimal decision for treatment versus control for an individual z is determined by a linear decision rule D = I(m_1(z)>m_0(z)), where m_1(z) and m_0(z) are the expectations of potential outcomes of treatment and control, respectively. The estimated D has uncertainty. We propose to find a CD for v = m_1(z) - m_0(z) and compute a `confidence measure' of the decision {D=1} = {v >0}. This measure, with value in [0,1], provides a frequency-based assessment about the decision. For example, if the measure for {D=1} is 63%, then, out of 100 patients the same as patient z, 63 will benefit using treatment and 37 will be better off in control group. This confidence measure is shown to match well with the classical assessments of sensitivity and specificity, but without the need to know the true {D=1} or {D=0}. Utility of the development is demonstrated in an adaptive clinical trial.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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