Online Program Home
My Program

Abstract Details

Activity Number: 99 - Single Cell Sequencing and Cancer Genomics
Type: Invited
Date/Time: Monday, July 30, 2018 : 8:30 AM to 10:20 AM
Sponsor: Biometrics Section
Abstract #326714
Title: Changing Mixtures Does Not Always Change Margins: An Application to Single-Cell RNA-Seq
Author(s): Michael Newton* and XIuyu Ma and Christina Kendziorski
Companies: University of Wisconsin at Madison and University of Wisconsin at Madison and University of Wisconsin - Madison
Keywords: single-cell RNA-seq; empirical Bayes; differential distribution

Consider a finite set of unknown probability distributions, f_1, f_2, ..., f_K, that serve as components of two potentially different mixture distributions: m_A = sum_k p_k f_k and m_B = sum_k q_k f_k, for unknown probability vectors p=(p_k) and q=(q_k). We observe labeled samples from these mixtures (i.e. random draws with both the components and values observed) and we aim to test the null hypothesis of equal marginal distributions (i.e. m_A = m_B). Curiously, we may have equal margins even when p differs from q. Motivated by a problem on the analysis of single-cell RNA-Seq data, we obtain a formula for the posterior probability of the null hypothesis when the components (1) live in a parametric family, and (2) for some unknown partition of {1,2,..,K} into J blocks, are identical within blocks and different between blocks. This formula anchors a powerful methodology for the determination of genes that exhibit distributional changes between different cellular conditions. Numerical experiments demonstrate improved operating characteristcs of this new methodology compared to gene-at-a-time inference procedures.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

Back to the full JSM 2018 program