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Activity Number: 321 - Detecting Structural Change in Complex Data
Type: Invited
Date/Time: Tuesday, July 31, 2018 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: International Chinese Statistical Association
Abstract #326692 Presentation
Title: Nonparametric Independence Testing via Mutual Information
Author(s): Thomas B. Berrett and Richard J Samworth*
Companies: University of Cambridge and University of Cambridge
Keywords: Entropy; Goodness-of-fit; Independence; Mutual information; Resampling; Test

We propose a test of independence of two multivariate random vectors, given a sample from the underlying population. Our approach is based on the estimation of mutual information, whose decomposition into joint and marginal entropies facilitates the use of recently-developed efficient entropy estimators derived from nearest neighbour distances. Our critical values, which may be obtained from simulation (in the case where one marginal is known) or resampling, guarantee that the test has nominal size, and we provide a local power analysis, uniformly over classes of densities whose mutual information satisfies a lower bound. Our ideas may be extended to provide a new goodness-of-fit tests of normal linear models based on assessing the independence of our vector of covariates and an appropriately-defined notion of an error vector.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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