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Activity Number: 12 - Novel Statistical Methods for Analyzing Electronic Health Records and Biobank Data
Type: Invited
Date/Time: Sunday, July 29, 2018 : 2:00 PM to 3:50 PM
Sponsor: WNAR
Abstract #326603 Presentation
Title: Efficiently Controlling for Unbalanced Case-Control Ratios and Sample Relatedness for Binary Traits in PheWAS by Large Cohorts
Author(s): Seunggeun Lee*
Companies: University of Michigan
Keywords: PheWAS; EHR; GWAS; Genetic association

In phenome-wide association studies (PheWAS), most binary traits have substantially fewer cases than controls. Both of the widely used approaches, linear mixed model and the recently proposed logistic mixed model, perform poorly -- producing large type I error rates -- in the analysis of phenotypes with unbalanced case-control ratios. Here we propose a scalable and accurate generalized mixed model association test that uses the saddlepoint approximation (SPA) to calibrate the distribution of score test statistics. This method, SAIGE, provides accurate p-values even when case-control ratios are extremely unbalanced. It utilizes state-of-art optimization strategies to reduce computational time and memory cost of generalized mixed model. The computation cost linearly depends on sample size, and hence can be applicable to PheWAS by large biobanks. Through the analysis of UK-Biobank data of 408,961 European-ancestry samples, we show that SAIGE can efficiently analyze large sample data, controlling for unbalanced case-control ratios and sample relatedness.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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