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Activity Number: 140 - Design and Analysis of Cancer Immunotherapy Trials
Type: Invited
Date/Time: Monday, July 30, 2018 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Biopharmaceutical Section
Abstract #325453
Title: Achieving Optimal Power of Logrank Test with Random Treatment Time-Lag Effect
Author(s): Zhenzhen Xu * and Yongsoek Park and Boguang Zhen and Bin Zhu
Companies: FDA and Unversity of Pittsburgh and FDA and NIH/NCI
Keywords: Clinical trial; Cancer immunotherapy; Delayed treatment effect; Non-proportional hazard assumption; Random time-lag effect; Sample size and power calculation

In some clinical settings such as the cancer immunotherapy trials, a treatment time-lag effect may be present and the lag duration possibly vary from subject to subject. An efficient study design should not only take into account the time-lag effect but also consider the individual heterogeneity in the lag duration. In this paper, we present a Generalized Piecewise Weighted Log-rank test, designed to account for the random time-lag effect while maximizing the study power with respect to the weights. Based on the proposed test, both analytic and numeric approaches are developed for the sample size and power calculation. Asymptotic properties are derived and finite sample efficiency is evaluated in simulations. Compared to the standard practice ignoring the delayed effect, the proposed design and analysis procedures are substantially more efficient when a random lag is expected; further, compared to the existing methods by Xu et al. (2017) considering the fixed time-lag effect, the proposed approaches are significantly more robust when the lag model is mis-specified. An implementation in an R package(DelayedEffect.Design) is provided.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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