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Activity Number: 327
Type: Invited
Date/Time: Tuesday, August 2, 2016 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Biometrics Section
Abstract #321837 View Presentation
Title: Selecting Optimal Subgroups for Treatment Using Many Covariates
Author(s): Tyler J. VanderWeele*
Companies: Harvard
Keywords: Causl inference ; effect heterogeneity ; personalized medicine ; precision medicine ; randomized trials

We consider the problem of selecting the optimal subgroup to treat when data on covariates is available from a randomized trial or observational study. We distinguish between four different settings including (i) treatment selection when resources are constrained, (ii) treatment selection when resources are not constrained, (iii) treatment selection in the presence of side effects and costs, and (iv) treatment selection to maximize effect heterogeneity. We show that, in each of these cases, the optimal treatment selection rule involves treating those for whom the predicted mean difference in outcomes comparing those with versus without treatment, conditional on covariates, exceeds a certain threshold. The threshold varies across these four scenarios but the form of the optimal treatment selection rule does not. The results suggest a move away from traditional subgroup analysis for personalized medicine. New randomized trial designs are proposed so as to implement and make use of optimal treatment selection rules in medical practice.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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