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Activity Number: 356
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, August 2, 2016 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Biometrics Section
Abstract #321119 View Presentation
Title: A Bayesian Hypothesis-Testing Framework for Detecting Differentially Expressed Genes
Author(s): Claudio Fuentes* and Luis Leon Novelo and Sarah Emerson
Companies: Oregon State University and The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and Oregon State University
Keywords: Bayes estimation ; Hierarchical models ; Maximum likelihood estimation ; Hypothesis testing ; Negative binomial ; RNA-Seq analysis

RNA-Seq data characteristically exhibits large variances, which need to be appropriately accounted for in the model. We first explore the effects of this variability on the maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) of the overdispersion parameter of the negative binomial distribution, and propose instead the use an estimator obtained via maximization of the marginal likelihood in a conjugate Bayesian framework. We show, via simulation studies, that the marginal MLE can better control this variation and produce a more stable and reliable estimator. We then formulate a conjugate Bayesian hierarchical model, in which the estimate of overdispersion is a marginalized estimate and use this estimator to propose a Bayesian test to detect differentially expressed genes with RNA-Seq data. We use numerical studies to show that our much simpler approach is competitive with other negative binomial based procedures, and we use a real data set to illustrate the implementation and flexibility of the procedure.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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