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Activity Number: 34
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Sunday, July 31, 2016 : 2:00 PM to 3:50 PM
Sponsor: Biometrics Section
Abstract #320627
Title: A Latent Variable Poisson Model for Assessing Regularity of Circadian Pattern Over Time
Author(s): Sung Duk Kim* and Paul Albert
Companies: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Keywords: Autoregressive process ; circadian pattern ; longitudinal count data ; physical activity ; random effect ; serial correlation

Many researchers in biology and medicine have focused on trying to understand biological rhythms and their potential impact on disease. A common biological rhythm is circadian, where the cycle repeats itself every 24 hours. However, a disturbance of the circadian pattern may be indicative of future disease. In this paper, we develop new statistical methodology for assessing the degree of disturbance or irregularity in a circadian pattern for count sequences that are observed over time in a population of individuals. We develop a latent variable Poisson modeling approach with both circadian and stochastic short-term trend components that allow for individual variation in the degree of each component. A parameterization is proposed for modeling covariate dependence on the proportion of these two model components across individuals. In addition, we incorporate covariate dependence in the overall mean, the magnitude of the trend, and the phase-shift of the circadian pattern. Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling is used to carry out Bayesian posterior computation. Several variations of the proposed models are considered and compared using the deviance information criterion.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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