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Activity Number: 565
Type: Roundtables
Date/Time: Wednesday, August 3, 2016 : 12:30 PM to 1:50 PM
Sponsor: Health Policy Statistics Section
Abstract #319500
Title: Advances in Mental Health Measurement
Author(s): Robert Gibbons*
Companies: The University of Chicago
Keywords: Computerized Adaptive Testing ; Item Response Theory ; Mental Health ; Measurement ; Psychometrics

Mental health measurement has been based primarily on subjective judgment and classical test theory. Impairment is determined by a total score, requiring that all respondents be administered the same items. An alternative is adaptive testing in which different individuals may receive different scale items targeted to their specific impairment level. We have developed adaptive depression, anxiety, and mania tests based on multidimensional item response theory. The shift in paradigm is from small fixed-length tests with questionable psychometric properties to large item banks from which an optimal small subset of items is adaptively drawn for each individual, targeted to their level of impairment. Results to date reveal remarkable increases in precision of measurement and dramatic decreases in patient burden. For example, depressive severity can be measured using an average of only 12 items in 2 minutes anywhere on the planet from a bank of 400 items, yet maintains a correlation of r=0.95 with the 400 item scores. Applications to psychiatric epidemiology, genetics, global health, large-scale screening, and assessment across the lifespan will be discussed.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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